What is a vaccine ?
Vaccines stimulate our immune system to produce antibodies without us having to become infected with the actual disease.
- a suspending fluid to carry the vaccine into the body
- preservatives and stabilisers so the vaccine can be stored safely
- an adjuvant to improve the body's immune response.
- live attenuated/killed organism or its proteins
These antibodies are specific for disease causing organisms and help our body to fight against these organisms when they infect us in future.
What is the benefit ?
A vaccinated child body has the antibodies against the organism,so it body fight better to prevent the organism to cause the disease and the child remain immune to the disease.
Vaccines are saving millions of lives each year from deadly diseases.
On larger scale,if all children are immune in a group and the organism cannot infect.And if our body happen to be only place where organism can live,as in case of POLIO VIRUS,the organism find no place to grow and multiply.So the organism is eradicated from the group,hence the disease.
Till now we have eradicated SMALLPOX from world,and trying hard for POLIO.
So,by vaccination you are protecting your child as well as helping the world to eradicate specific diseases !!
What is the danger ?
Although every vaccine passes through purity and sterility tests, some reaction either inherent to the vaccine or as a sequel to its administration may occur rarely.
Even walking on road can hurt you by road accident.That doesn't mean that you will stop walking on road,so vaccination benefit is very huge as compared to its rare reaction.So vaccination is a must for every child to pevent and eradicate disease.
|BCG||live attenuated||axillary adenitis (swelling in the armpits)|
|DPT||killed||fever, excessive crying, encephalopathy, seizures|
|Measles||live attenuated||fever, rash|
|MMR||live attenuated||fever, rash, arthralgia (pain in the joints)|
|Hepatitis B||recombinant||pain, erythema|
When to give and which disease ?
|Birth||BCG, OPV, Hepatitis B|
|6 weeks||DTP, OPV+IPV, Hepatitis B, Hib, PCV|
|10 weeks||DTP, OPV+IPV, Hib, PCV|
|14 weeks||DTP, OPV+IPV, Hepatitis B, Hib, PCV|
|15 months||MMR, PCV Booster|
|18 months||DTP Booster, OPV+IPV Booster|
|2 years 1 month||Hepatitis A|
|2 years 7 months||Hepatitis A|
|5 years||DTP Booster, OPV Booster, Typhoid|
|10 years||Tdap, HPV|
|BCG||Tuberculosis (Bacillus Calmette Guerin) for TB|
|OPV||oral polio vaccine for POLIO|
|Hepatitis B||Hepatitis B|
|DTP||Diphtheria, Tetanus, Pertussis|
|Hib||Pneumonia, Meningitis, Bacteremia (Haemophilus Influenzae Type B)|
|MMR||Measles, Mumps, Rubella|
|PCV||Bacterial diseases causing pneumonia, meningitis etc., (Pneumococcal Conjugate Vaccine)|
|Hepatitis A||Hepatitis A|
|HPV||Human Papilloma Virus causing cervical cancer|
Where to give ?
Vaccinate your child where the cold chain is properly maintained,hence the effectiveness of the vaccine.
Govt. hospital have all basic vaccines.